June 15, 2024

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It's the Technology

Foreign groups crave local tech transfers

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Foreign groups crave local tech transfers
Some sectors in Vietnam are in need of stronger interactions in between international and domestic enterprises, Le Toan

The first yearly overseas direct investment decision report unveiled on May possibly 10 by the Vietnam Affiliation of International-Invested Enterprises showed that the top quality and usefulness of attracting and making use of foreign-invested money have been minimal.

“The variety of projects with sophisticated and present day technological know-how originating from European countries is nevertheless low (5 for every cent). Most initiatives use medium systems (80 for every cent), 30-40 for each cent of which arrives from China. Out-of-date technology (15 for each cent) even now qualified prospects to dangers and challenges regarding environmental pollution, greater vitality use, and resource depletion,” the report observed.

The report confirmed that the connections and interactions among overseas-invested enterprises (FIEs) and Vietnam’s private and state-owned enterprises in the overall economy have not been restricted or coherent plenty of, and the spillover consequences on efficiency and technologies have been as a result much insignificant.

Ngo Cong Thanh, former deputy director of the Department of Organizing Management below the Ministry of Organizing and Financial commitment, explained, “FIEs are inclined to use additional elements imported for production alternatively than raw materials and products out there from domestic enterprises. Overseas-invested assignments spot more emphasis on a several phases observed in labour-intensive, medium-tech industries this kind of as processing of clothes and textiles, footwear, assembly, and also in foodstuff processing.”

In addition, domestic enterprises typically undertake less difficult stages, primary to restricted transfer of tech, as perfectly as a slow improvement of localisation ratio, as in some industries these as automobiles, electronics, and client electronics, Thanh explained.

In contrast, domestic enterprises’ ability for absorbing exterior technological innovation and technologies literacy stays confined. Figures from the Common Stats Office environment showed that the ratio of industrial groups applying advanced engineering is 20 for every cent, even though the ratio for Thailand is 31 per cent, Malaysia 51 for each cent, and Singapore 73 for every cent.

Oil and fuel exploitation is a single of a several sectors looking at strong development many thanks to obtaining technology transfers from international partners. All oil and fuel exploration and creation contracts involving PetroVietnam, for instance, have to mention laws on technological innovation transfer, administration, and specialized engineer schooling programmes. The team gets computer software for processing and deciphering seismic paperwork, and exploiting know-how from providers like Schlumberger, Landmark, and GeoQuest, amid others.

PetroVietnam also applies biotechnology and chemical technologies to strengthen the oil recovery coefficient in secondary generation in the Bach Ho, Rang Dong, and Su Tu Den oil fields.

In other places, Phu My Fertiliser Plant of PetroVietnam Fertiliser and Chemicals Company and Ca Mau Fertiliser Plant of PetroVietnam Ca Mau Fertiliser JSC have attained the most sophisticated systems.

Personal domestic groups are remaining proactive in combining with overseas associates to get advanced tech. For illustration, Truong Hai Auto Corporation will introduce a new Mercedes-Benz bus version as a result of a partnership with the German automaker Daimler. In 2017, the two functions signed an arrangement to transfer technological know-how, turning the Vietnamese team into the new distributor of Fuso vehicles and buses in the industry.

Ko Tae Yeon, normal director of Heesung Electronics Vietnam Ltd., claimed an efficient system to get sophisticated technological innovation from foreign associates is to make Vietnamese men and women additional concerned in accessing it.

“The Vietnamese education and learning technique needs to be reviewed, and some methods to upgrade the coaching programme will need to be worked out, in get to proficiently implement this know-how transfer,” he mentioned.

One more system is to established up common seminars or work coaching programmes for tech entrepreneurs to share facts with other folks in accordance to their amount of knowledge, Yeon said.

Fostering technological transfer via FIEs to domestic companions is one of the government’s priorities. In January, Deputy Primary Minister Vu Duc Dam signed a decision on adjustments and health supplements to a number of article content of 2018’s Determination No.1851/QD-TTg approving a job to boost the transfer, mastering, and advancement of foreign tech in Vietnam in prioritised industries to 2025, with an orientation to 2030.

According to the conclusion, Vietnam expects to develop a databases on 4,000 dossiers of overseas technologies, get the transfer of 400 systems from abroad, and grasp 10 technologies by 2025.

Source: VIR

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